المجلة الجزائرية للبحوث والدراسات التاريخية المتوسطية
Volume 2, Numéro 1, Pages 172-186

القيادة المملوكية أوقات الكوارث البيولوجية في بلاد الشام الطاعون نموذجًا (1250 – 1571م/ 648 – 922هـ

الكاتب : أشرف صالح محمد سيد .

الملخص

The human societies in the era of the Middle Ages exposed to biological disasters which have had a significant adverse effects and lead to deadly results decimation and destruction of human power, paralyzing economic and population growth. Some regions of the Arab-Islamic state has seen phenomenon of an epidemic of plague in abundance during the medieval era. This research aims to study the role of the state in the face of disaster and plague that struck the Levant almost fifty times during the Mamluk period (1250 - 1517 AD), and the study seeks to monitor these times, as far as trying to release the State's determination to help those affected by the plague and limit its effects on them, and to highlight the preventive health measures to avoid recurrence of such epidemics. The researcher relied on historical descriptive analytical method, so he collects information and historical novels from sources and references. Then he analyzes this information in an objective, in the context of disaster management science literature. The study found that the State of the Mamelukes succeeded in disaster management plague in the Levant through four basic stages: (mitigate the disaster - preparedness - confrontation - re-balance).

الكلمات المفتاحية

القيادة المملوكية أوقات الكوارث البيولوجية في بلاد الشام الطاعون نموذجًا (1250 – 1571م/ 648 – 922هـ)