المجلة الجزائرية للأبحاث والدراسات
Volume 4, Numéro 1, Pages 221-241

اختِيَارَاتُ النَّحَّاسِ فِيمَا أُعْرِبَ بالرَّفْعِ والنُّصْبِ والجَرِّ مِنَ المبنيّاتِ فِي الْقُرْآنِ الكَرِيمِ

الكاتب : مُسَلَّم الوليد حسن علي . الشهري علي علوي عوض .

الملخص

أُجْرِيَ هَذَا البَحْثُ؛ لِجَمْعِ الأَسْمَاءِ الوَارِدَةِ فِي الْقُرْآنِ الكَرِيمِ الَّتِي أعْرَبَها النَّحْوِيُّونَ بِثَلَاثَةِ أوْجُهٍ، هي الرَّفْعُ وَالنَّصْبُ وَالجَرُّ، وَمُنَاقَشَةِ مَا قَالُوهُ فِي ذَلِكَ؛ إِظْهَاراً لِأَثَرِ الإعْرَابِ فِي تَوْسِيعِ الْمَعَانِي وتَنْوِيعِ الدَّلائِل، ثُمّ تَنَاوُلِ اختِيَارَاتِ النَّحَّاسِ فِي كَتَابِهِ إَعْرَابِ الْقُرْآنِ مِنْ تِلْكَ الإِعْرَابَاتِ وَتَجْليَةِ مُسْتَنَداتِهِ؛ إفَادَةً مِنْ عِلْمِهِ وإِلْمَامِهِ وإِبْرَازاً لِجُهُودِ النَّحْوِيِّينَ فِي حَمْلِ إِعْرِابِ الْقُرْآنِ على أَحْسَنِ الوُجُوهِ وأفَصْحِ العِبَارَاتِ وأَجْمَلِ التَّرَاكِيبِ، والبُعْدِ فِيهِ عَنِ التَّكَلُّفِ والحَمْلِ على الضَّرُورَةِ والشُّذُوذِ، فَكَشَفَ البَحْثُ عَنْ سَبْعِ كَلِمَاتٍ فِي الْقُرْآنِ اِخْتَلَفَ النَّحْوِيُّونَ في إِعْرَابِهَا على ثَلَاثَةِ أوْجُهٍ هي (الرَّفْعُ والنَّصْبُ والجَرُّ) بِتَأوِيلَاتٍ مُخْتَلِفَةٍ، واخْتَارَ النَّحَّاسُ وَجْهَ النَّصْبِ فِي الأَولَى ووَجْهَ الرّفْعِ في السِّتّةِ الأُخْرَى، واسْتَنَدَ فِي اختِيَارَاتِهِ عَلَى مُوَافَقَةِ كِبَارِ النُّحَاةِ، ومُرَاعَاةِ صِحَّةِ التّأوِيلِ النَّحْوِيّ وحُسْنِ التّفْسِيرِ القُرْآنِيِّ وتَجَنُّبِ التَّكَلُّفِ، والبُعْدِ عَنِ الاعتِرَاضَاتِ، وابتِغَاءِ المَعَانِي المُوَافِقَةِ للتّفْسِيرِ بالمأْثُورِ، والنَّظَرِ فِي نَظَائِرِ الآيةِ المُعْرَبَةِ، وطَلْبِ وُضُوحِ الدِّلاَلَةِ، ونَشْدِ مُرَاعَاةِ السِّيَاقِ وجَوْدَةِ البَلاغَةِ. This research was carried out using the descriptive and analytical. approach on the recited nouns on the Holy Qur’an that were parsed by the grammarians in three aspects, uplifting, lowering, cutting off, and discussing what they have said upon that; showing the impact of parsing in expanding the meaning the varying context. The research has discussed the choices of Nahhas in his book “Parsing Holy Qur’an from Several Parsings”, as a benefiting effort of his knowledge so as to shed a light on the effort of grammarians on showing the declension of Holy Qur’an on its best image and best fluent and voluble phrases and the most beautiful structures, that is away from any preciosity, necessity and anomalies. The research revealed seven verses that the grammarians have parsed in three deferent declension aspects (rafee, nasb, cutting off) with various interpretation. Nahhas has chosen the (uplifting) in the first aspect and (raising up) in the other remaining six, he based his according to the approval of great grammarians, and taking into consideration the correctness of the interpretation and avoiding affectation and contradiction; that is seeking the meanings with accordance to the inherited interpretation then looking at the matches of parsed versrs and clarifying the indication and assuring the context and the quality of rhetoric.

الكلمات المفتاحية

اختيارات – الإعراب – الجرّ – الرّفع – القرآن – النّحّاس – النّصب. ; Choices – Parsing - Cutting off – Uplifting - Holy Qur’an – Alnahhas - Raising up.