مجلة مدارات تاريخية
Volume 1, Numéro 1, Pages 46-58

بعض معاملات أوقاف المياه ببلاد المغرب الإسلامي من خلال النوازل الفقهية

الكاتب : خيرة سياب .

الملخص

يمثل الوقف مصدرا مهما للجهات المنتفعة به، ويتمثل (الوقف) عادة في بذل الخير تحت تأثير الوازع الديني الذي يشير إلى أهمية التضامن بين أفراد المجتمع ،وتبرز مظاهر الوقف في تلك الآثار المترتبة عنه ، ومن بين أهم الأوقاف التي حملت قضاياها كتب النوازل من خلال نصوص كثيرة ومتنوعة ، نذكر أوقاف المياه، وعليه تحاول هذه الورقة أن تنوّه من خلال بعض مسائل هذا النوع من الوقف إلى قيمة النصوص وكثافتها في كتب النوازل، والتي جاءت تتحدّث عن منظومة متكاملة فيما يخص المسائل المائية وقيمة التشارك الاجتماعي فيها، ما أدّى إلى استعانة أصحابها من الواقفين والمنتفعين بالمفتين في فظ نزاعاتهم حولها، وذلك وفق منهج تاريخي استقرائي بغية توجيه البحث في تراثنا المتمثل في كتب النوازل التي لا تزال نصوصها خصبة في مثل هذه المجال وغيره. The Waqf is an important source for the beneficiaries. It is the act of a good deed under the influence of religious reason, which indicates the importance of solidarity among members of society. The manifestations of the Waqf aspects are stand out in its consequences, among the most important endowments that carried out the issues of Books of Vices through many texts and variety, the Waqfs of water. Thus, this paper attempts to note, through some of the issues of this type of waqf, the value and intensity of the texts in the Book of Vices, which talked about an integrated system dealing with water issues and social partnership. This led their owners of the standing and beneficiaries to seek help from the Moftin in their rude dispute around, by following an inductive historical approach to guide the research of our heritage of books of vices, which are still fertile texts in this and other fields. The Waqf is an important source for the beneficiaries. It is the act of a good deed under the influence of religious reason, which indicates the importance of solidarity among members of society. The manifestations of the Waqf aspects are stand out in its consequences, among the most important endowments that carried out the issues of Books of Vices through many texts and variety, the Waqfs of water. Thus, this paper attempts to note, through some of the issues of this type of waqf, the value and intensity of the texts in the Book of Vices, which talked about an integrated system dealing with water issues and social partnership. This led their owners of the standing and beneficiaries to seek help from the Moftin in their rude dispute around, by following an inductive historical approach to guide the research of our heritage of books of vices, which are still fertile texts in this and other fields.

الكلمات المفتاحية

الوقف-المياه-المغرب الإسلامي-التضامن-المجتمع. Waqf - Water – Islamic- Maghreb-Solidarity- Society