مجلة بحوث الإدارة والاقتصاد


Description

Management & Economics Research Journal (mer-j.com) is a peer-reviewed biannual international journal and free of charge (not charge publication fees), It is also a fully open-access journal for readers and authors, issued regularly by the Faculty of Economics, Commercial and Management Sciences - Ziane Achour University of Djelfa (Governmental university affiliated with the Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research in Algeria), in four issues (March, September) from each year. The Journal is interested in the following fields of research (Business, Management, Accounting, Economics, Econometrics and Finance). In the Management & Economics Research Journal, original papers containing the results of scientifically and practically valid and socially responsible research studies with the aim of contributing to the improvement of theoretical, methodological-methodical, and applicative approaches to dealing with increasingly complex and diverse phenomena and problems in economics and management. The journal is intended for the academic public, researchers, problem-solvers, and decision-makers in the key fields of Business, Management, Accounting, Economics, Econometrics and Finance and other related fields that enable appropriate interdisciplinary researches. The editorial policy implies a continuous enhancement of the journal quality. In accordance with this, relevance in a theoretical, methodological, and applicative sense, impact, originality, and clarity are the decisively important criteria for selecting the papers for publishing. Only original manuscripts previously unpublished and not submitted for publication anywhere else can be submitted. All the submitted manuscripts are the subject matter of the double-blind review process. In the Journal, only the manuscripts that, in the reviewing process, have obtained at least two positive reviews are published. Given its international orientation, the Journal is especially open to scientifically and practically valid contributions from abroad. The Journal provides online Open Access to the content in the full text of all published contributions. Authors are expected to have written the submitted manuscripts in compliance with the Publication Ethics and Malpractice Statement, and in compliance with the Author Guide of Management & Economics Research Journal.

Annonce

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هام

حالة تقديم المقالات: مغلق

تم تغيير دورية مجلة بحوث الإدارة والاقتصاد من (فصلية) إلى (سداسية)


Important

Submission Status: Closed

The MERJ Periodicity has been changed from (Quarterly) to (Biannual).

08-07-2021


3

Volumes

10

Numéros

82

Articles


Healthcare financing and health outcomes: Analysis of oil-producing countries in Africa

Opeloyeru Olaide,  Lawal Nurudeen,  Agbatogun Kehinde, 

Résumé: The major concern of study is on the healthcare financing and health outcomes in the major oil-producing countries in Africa. We used the data sorted from World Development Indicators (WDI) to identify effect of four different health expenditures on rate of mortalities on maternal, under-five, infant, neonatal and life expectancy at birth through random and fixed effects models. This paper also takes cognizance of the environmental variable (pollution) that is common to the top 10 oil producing countries in Africa. Our findings show that high health expenditure from government, private, and external sources improved health outcomes, while health expenditure from out of pocket is detrimental to health outcomes. Also, the environmental variable had a negative impact on life expectancy. The outcomes of the paper indicated that there is need to reduce environmental pollution, increase health expenditure from government, private, external sources and reduce out of pocket payments in the selected areas.

Mots clés: Health outcomes, pollution, Life expectancy and Government


Psychological Contract Breach, Behavioural Work Outcomes, Organisational Identification, and Islamic Work Ethics: A Moderated Mediation Study

El-ghorra Monir,  Panatik Siti Aisyah, 

Résumé: We investigated how organisational identification (OID) mediates the influences of psychological contract breach (PCB) on two work outcomes [organisational citizenship behaviour (OCB) and counterproductive work behaviour (CWB)], and how Islamic work ethics (IWE) moderated the PCB–OID relationship. We collected data from 256 Palestinian managers in Gaza Strip ministries using self-report questionnaire; we employed Structural Equation Modelling in analysing the data using SmartPLS. Our findings reveal that OID mediates between PCB and the two work outcomes. Further, we show that IWE has no moderating influence on the PCB–OID relationship. Finally, the influence of PCB on the two work outcomes is insignificant.

Mots clés: Psychological Contract Breach, Organisational Citizenship Behaviour, Counterproductive Behaviour, Organisational Identification, Islamic Work Ethics.


Workers’ Remittances in Yemen: Macroeconomic Determinants and Impact on Economic Growth

الحنوم عيسى,  مشبب غالب, 

Résumé: This study aims at examining the determinants of workers’ remittances and their impact on economic growth in Yemen. Autoregressive Distributed Lag (ARDL) bounds test to co-integration and error correction model (ECM) were applied on data covering the period from 1990 to 2014. According to the model of remittances determinants, workers’ remittances in Yemen respond to the macroeconomic conditions of both the home and host countries. It is found that, in the long run, migrant stock and income level at the host countries are positively and strongly influence remittances level, with a feeble impact of domestic inflation rates. The effect of home country’s income seems to be positive but insignificant in explaining the behavior of remittances level. The model of economic growth suggests that, in the long run, the impact of workers’ remittances appears to be positive and moderate with positive and stronger influences observed for financial development and official development assistance. Accordingly, it is recommended that a lesser weight should be given to remittances in the strategic planning process, taking into consideration the increasing potentials of the conditions in the neighboring host countries to be changed. In addition, using remittances as a means of economic growth can be enhanced via encouraging migrants to direct their savings towards productive investment activities, and via formal channels.

Mots clés: remittances ; economic growth ; time series analysis


Leadership Styles and Firms’ Innovation, Mediating role of Absorptive Capacity: Empirical Evidence from Emerging Economy

Mushtaq Irum,  Chughtai Muhammad Salman,  Lashari Faryal, 

Résumé: This study contends explicitly that leadership styles (transformational and transactional) are positioned as a pylon for firms’ innovation performance. Further, this study contemplates the intermediating inspiration of absorptive capacity (potential and realized) linking leadership styles (transformational and transactional) and firms’ innovation. Data was collected from 301 permanent employees working in Pakistani manufacturing firms (food and tobacco) through the self-administered questionnaires to test the proposed hypothesis of this study. The study's findings demonstrate a positive influence of leadership styles (transformational and transactional) on the firm's innovative performance. Moreover, both absorptive capacity dimensions (potential and realized) mediate the relationship between leadership styles (transformational and transactional) and innovative performance. This study demonstrates that both leadership styles (transformational and transactional) provide phenomenal path routes to augment firms’ innovation. Overall, this study contributed a legitimate illustration of leadership styles strengthening firms’ innovation, specifically transactional leadership style, encouraging results within the developing economy perspective.

Mots clés: Transformational Leadership, Transactional Leadership, Absorptive Capacity, Potential Absorptive Capacity, Realized Absorptive Capacity, Firm Innovation.


Sectoral approach in output growth decomposition and its determinants in Europe

Bacovic Maja, 

Résumé: The structural changes in Europe have occurred over the last several decades, reducing output share in the goods sector, while increasing its share in overall services. The sectoral perspective in economic analysis is important as both the growth rate and volatility of an economy might be related to its productive structure. Estimation of the contribution from inputs and total factor productivity growth at the sectoral level provides valuable insights into impact from structural changes to the overall growth. Applying the growth accounting approach, we decomposed output growth in economy while following the sectoral approach, in ten individual sectors in twenty-six European countries, from 2000 to 2019. Our analysis shows that total factor productivity has accounted for roughly half of the growth in output in European countries over the last two decades, with the other half primarily accounted for by increases in fixed asset growth and labour utilisation, while its variations among sectors are significant. Research has also shown that output growth in the services sectors is significantly more driven by employment growth than in the goods sector, leading to overall employment growth in the economy. Applying the panel pooled OLS model, we found that the relevance of expenditures for research and development is high and positive in all sectors, but higher in industry and knowledge-intensive services (information and communication, scientific activities) compared to all sectors average. To the best knowledge of the author, this is the first study presenting output growth decomposition estimates at the sectoral level for a selected group of countries, but also the first study presenting estimates of TFP in the total economy for a selected time periods. In addition, this is the first study that presents the relevance of investment in research and development at the sectoral level in this specific time period and group of countries. Results of the study may be used in defining national policies priorities, as there are varieties among sectors in terms of its impact on employment and economic growth. Further research should focus to explain what determines structural changes.

Mots clés: Output growth decomposition ; Sectoral approach ; Total Factor Productivity ; Research and Development


Debt, COVID-19 and Inclusive Growth for Sustainable Development in Sub-Saharan Africa

Kolawole Bashir, 

Résumé: The socioeconomic crisis associated with COVID-19 is threatening the progress towards attaining sustainable development goals. In this regard, global GDP is to contract in 2020 by 5.2% as against 2.8% in SSA. In addition, as global recession is imminent, developing countries stand to accommodate about 60 million people into extreme poverty amid rising debt. However, as an indispensable requirement for sustainable development, United Nations and African Union resolve to eradicate extreme poverty through aspirations for inclusive growth by 2030 and 2063, respectively. It is on this background this paper examines the impact of debt and COVID-19, as well as the effectiveness of growth inclusiveness for sustainable development in SSA. Imperatively, using a panel of 43 countries over the period 2016-2019, it is established that the level of employment increases, just as life expectancy improves, in tandem with inclusive growth. Also, the time-line analysis of COVID-19 period reveals that unemployment rate, as well as public debt, is increasing substantially above the levels before the outbreak; thereby portending setback on the gains so far achieved towards sustainable development in the region. As such, total debt cancellation is suggested along with more financial assistance to economies in the region. More importantly, governments are advised to foster entrepreneurship and provide support for agriculture.

Mots clés: COVID-19 ; debt ; employment ; inclusive growth ; sustainable development



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